Mali’s elephants, one of just two remaining desert herds in the world (Namibia is home to the only other known desert herd), will be gone in three years unless the government does more to protect them, a conservation group has warned. The last aerial census in 2007 showed there are only 350 elephants left.
Poachers have taken advantage of the chaos from a growing Islamist insurgency and other unrest in the lawless north to step up ivory trafficking – a trade that the United Nations says funds militants.
Sixteen elephants have been killed so far this month, adding to more than 80 slaughtered in 2015, said Susan Canney, director of Mali Elephant Project for the WILD Foundation.
“We have 50 rangers waiting to be deployed but they are held up waiting for official approval and firearms from the government,” she told Reuters.
“Mali is standing by while the elephants are being slaughtered … If we continue at this rate, they will all be gone in three years.“
The West African country’s government could not immediately be reached for comment. The army has deployed some forces to the Gourma region in recent weeks to boost surveillance.
Malian tusks are thought to be sold on the black market for up to 3m CFA Francs ($5,000), according to Canney.
The African deserts and savannahs stretching between the Gulf of Guinea and the Nile Basin once held tens of thousands of elephants but poaching and loss of habitat has dramatically cut their numbers. Most now live in small, scattered groups.
Source: The Guardian